四川彭州 | 乡村儿童运动广场改造案例赏析
This is the plaza located in Yinding Village, Junle Town, Pengzhou City, Sichuan Province. It is designed by us, built by us, used by us, it is OUR PLAZA.Most of the communities in Yinding village were rebuilt after the Wenchuan Earthquake, and there are very few high-quality places for villagers to have activities and socialize. Thus, the government of Yinding village hopes to renovate a public plaza so that villagers can enjoy the public activities, and further improve the life quality in the community. MIC group received the task in 2018, and then we fully communicated with the villagers, which are the real users of the plaza, and found that the deep desire of the villagers is to have their own plaza and find a new lifestyle belonging to “me” in it.
我们的符号 OUR symbol
The Chinese “fang sheng “pattern, which symbolizes “auspiciousness”, is the main structure line of the design. Which is combined with the site and reconstructed to form a 750-meter footpath shaped like the Chinese word “我”(which means “me”) throughout the site. It represents a good meaning, cleverly combined with the current situation of the site.At the same time, the symbol is extended to other appliances, such as the rest area and the play equipment. When people walk into the plaza, they can see the installation of “fang sheng wen” corresponding to the site, where they can have a rest and take pictures.
方胜纹演变图 Evolution diagram of “fang sheng ” pattern
我们的复合型新场所设计 OUR compound new site design
The OUR Plaza is a child-led, all-age complex place. The overall design of the project combines the artist color and the spatial form, layers on various functions such as sports, entertainment, rest and so on, thus, people could have different activities during different times.
功能分析图 functional analysis
Once inside the plaza, people can have a free exploration. There are five areas: green adventure area, mini theater, sports field, fun playground, and children’s playground. More than 18 ways to have fun. The way to play is open and unlimited, and imaginative children and users can create their own games – “OUR game”.
The green adventure zone is integrated with the concept of the European sports pedagogy. The adventure route is designed from easy to difficult, children can gradually challenge and improve their balance, jumping and climbing ability, and reach the main climbing frame in the middle. Children can have various activities here, which helps to promote the development of their motor senses and internal balance system, as well as the brain sensory system. Considering the use and monitoring needs of younger children, our designers have reserved a space of 60 centimeters around the balance beam apparatus for parents to provide assistance.
The mini theater is a complex functional place containing audio-visual entertainment, which provides places for square dancing, tai chi, and even outdoor movies for residents. On special days, the plaza can also hold small exhibitions, performances, live show and other activities.
小剧场示意图 diagram of the mini theater
小剧场实景图 The mini theater
Due to the limitation of the space, the basketball court and badminton court are superimposed and combined in the sports field. Besides the safety of activities, we also consider the audience. The rest area is designed around the sports ground. In addition, even the space under the fence is designed to be a playground for extreme sports such as skateboarding.
运动场示意图 diagram of sports field
极限运动场 field of extreme sports
A variety of creative games are gathered in the fun playground. Traditional sports change the form and rules here and turns into interesting new games — cylindrical table tennis, ground pool, and painted walls climbing,Each one has a new idea.The adjacent building corridor provides a play area for young children, which is convenient for parents to rest and nurse in the corridor. During the tour, children are trained in fine muscles, social skills and creativity.
圆筒乒乓球 cylindrical table tennis
“我们的广场”的诞生历程 The design process of “OUR Plaza”
In the design of OUR Plaza, we refer to the most advanced design standards both in China and worldwide. The site safety design not only meets the domestic “Safety code for small amusement facilities”, but also meets the corresponding content of the “Safety code for children’s activity places” of the European Union. The main amusement equipment for children is designed with reference to the latest “German children’s place and outdoor place planning standards” to ensure the safety, specification and durability of the place and equipment.In addition, from the preliminary research and the design concept to the construction, the design team participates the whole process themselves to complete this plaza.
First of all, the needs of users as participants are our priority. At the beginning of the proposed renovation of the plaza, villagers of different ages and professional backgrounds were invited to discuss a new ideal plaza model with the designers.
Secondly, according to local conditions, we need to fully explore the possibility of design based on the current situation of the site. While meeting the needs of different groups of people, it is necessary to consider the overall construction and maintenance cost of the site. This minimizes resource input, reduces the use of raw materials and production energy, and obtains efficient land use value.This is reflected in the fact that the original green floor block is retained as much as possible on the site, reducing the amount of earthwork and thereby reducing the construction cost. In terms of maintenance and material considerations, use materials with low maintenance requirements as much as possible. Asphalt materials are used on the ground for fast construction and good abrasion resistance. The benches are made of anti-corrosion wood, which is easy to install. The pit is filled with bark and sawdust instead of sand, so it would not get into shoes when playing, or grind the finish paint of the rides.
地面颜色施工过程 Ground color construction process
Finally, the cooperation between design and construction guarantees the perfect presentation of the project. In order to ensure the coordination of the overall look and feel of the plaza ground and the amusement facilities, the effect of presenting the same set of colors on different materials requires multiple color corrections and on-site proofing. In order to ensure the accurate expression of complex patterns on the site, designers and workers divide the drawings and points on the site to determine the final line position. Each color needs to be checked along the path to avoid painting errors. After dozens of days of on-site supervision, coordination, and adjustment, The OUR Plaza finally achieved the expected design effect.
The Our Plaza is a meaningful and democratic design practice. It changes the inherent vision of town plaza, let people participate in the construction, let “us” participate in the process, gather more “us” to create more charm of our community!
植物设计图 planting design
Project name：The OUR Plaza
Landscape Firm：Atelier MIC
Completion：Year April 2019 & December 2019
Leader designer：Wei Wu, Xuanyu Fan
Team：Wanlu Dong, Kai Xin
Gross Built Area (square meters)：3000m2
Photo credits：MIC Cultural & Creative Co., Ltd.
Clients：People’s government of junle town, pengzhou city